The Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibited sexual harassment in the workplace. Although sexual harassment cases have decreased over the years, the behavior still happens in Texas and elsewhere. What constitutes sexual harassment in the workplace? It includes verbal and physical sexual conduct and requests for sexual favors or sexual advances. When an employee receives these requests, his or her acceptance or denial can affect his or her employment, performance or work environment.
Who does sexual harassment laws cover?
Sexual harassment laws at the federal level cover organizations in both private and public sectors with more than 15 employees. The sexual harasser is either a supervisor, a co-worker or a client. Moreover, he or she can also be of the same or different gender than the victim. The federal laws are different from state laws. Thus, some states can have stricter laws than others regarding the number of employees in an organization.
Sexual harassment in real life
Incidents involving harassment differ, and so do their judgements. Some unpleasant occurrences that may equate to sexual assault include:
- Conversations about sex
- Suggestive emails and texts
- Music with explicit content
- Unwanted touching
- Vulgar language
How to deal with sexual harassment at the workplace
If you are facing sexual harassment at work, there are several steps that you can take. First, it is best to deal with the person who is harassing you directly. Politely inform him or her about the offensive behavior. In most scenarios, this often causes the unwanted behavior to stop, and no further action is needed. When the harasser fails to stop, or you feel uncomfortable reporting him or her to the company, consider filing a sexual harassment report. Most organizations have a set of directions for you to follow. You should also contact the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission and file a complaint.
Is someone sexually harassing you at your job? If so, contact an attorney who specializes in sexual harassment for guidance.